The GLP (1912-1913)

The GLP (1912-1913)

Organization Of Grand Lodge Of Philippines-1912

The Grand Lodge of the Philippines 1912 – 1913

Excerpt from ” A CENTURY OF DEDICATED MASONIC SERVICE”

MANILA-MT. LEBANON LODGE NO. 1 – 1901- 2001

In 1912, there were established in the Philippines three American Lodges owing allegiance to the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of California. They were Manila Lodge No. 342, Cavite Lodge No. 350 and Corregidor Lodge No. 386. The Grand Lodge of Scotland had two – Lodge Perla del Oriente No. 1034 and Cebu Lodge No. 1106.

On November 17, 1912, by virtue of a resolution addressed to each of these three American Lodges, a meeting at 10 o’clock in the morning was held for the purpose of organizing a Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Perla del Oriente No. 1034 and Cebu Lodge No. 1106, S. C. were invited but failed to attend. This resolution reads as follows:

“ Whereas, it is the inherent prerogative of any three subordinate Masonic Lodges in a territory, like the Philippines, masonically free, to organize, through their representatives a Grand Lodge, and

“ Whereas, there have existed in the Philippines for some years, such Lodges of sufficient number to exercise said prerogative, and

“ Whereas, such a step would assure the permanency and promote the progress, harmony and efficiency of legitimate and Ancient Craft Masonry in the Philippines; therefore,

“ Be it resolved, that a committee of three, preferably the Master and Wardens of this Lodge, be and they hereby are authorized to meet with the Masters and Wardens of not less than two other Lodges in Convention at the Masonic Temple in the City of Manila at a time to be agreed upon by said representative to organize a Grand Lodge of the Philippines, and that this Lodge authorize any further steps that may be necessary and lawful to perfect the organization thereof. ”

Those who attended the meeting were: Bros. Charles J. Kindler, Wor. Master, Guy Clinton, Sr. Warden and Charles S. Banks, Jr. Warden of Manila Lodge No. 342; Bros. Burton Whitecomb, Wor. Master and Emmanuel Valmas, P. M., of Cavite Lodge No. 50; and Bros. L. C. O’Donnel, Wor. Master J. F. Bromfield, Sr. Warden and George R. Harvey, P.M. of Corregidor Lodge No. 386.

Wor. Bro. Charles J. Kindler, Master of Manila Lodge No. 342 announced that the purpose of the meeting was to discuss the necessary preliminary steps leading to the first Convention of the delegates from the different Lodges for the organization of a Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons for the Philippine Islands and to fix the date for holding the convention. Bro. George R. Harvey, P.M. of Corregidor Lodge No. 386 presided as Chairman pro-tempore. No secretary was appointed this being only an informal and preliminary meeting.

In the discussion of the matter of fixing a date for the First Convention of the delegates selected and to be selected for the purpose of considering the organization of a Grand Lodge, the fact was established that Manila Lodge No. 342, Cavite Lodge No. 350 and Corregidor Lodge No. 386 had already, by formal action approved the proposition of organizing such a Grand Lodge, but that action had not yet been taken by Lodge Perla del Oriente No. 1034 and Lodge Cebu No. 1106, Scottish Constitution. To give those two Lodges an opportunity of taking some action the proposition at their next stated meeting, it was unanimously decided to hold the First Convention for the organization of the Grand Lodge on December 11, 1912 at 8 o’clock in the evening in the Masonic Temple, Manila, P. I. Before adjourning sine die a resolution was approved to send an invitation to all the Past Masters of the Lodges which might send delegates to the Convention to be present at said convention.

None of the Filipino Lodges were invited to send representatives to the convention that formed the Grand Lodge because the leaders of the convention felt sure that the presence of such representatives would be looked upon by the Grand Lodges in the United States generally and by that of California in particular as irregular and would give them sufficient reason to deny recognition to the new Grand Lodge. The primary concern of the convention was to proceed in accordance with the Masonic principles and procedures that guided the formation of the various Grand Lodges in the United States. The reason for the organization of the Grand Lodge was that “such a step would assure the permanency and promote the progress and efficiency of the legitimate and Ancient Craft Masonry in the Philippines.”

On December 11, 1912 at 8:30 PM the Convention assembled at the Masonic Temple, Manila. Bro. George R. Harvey, P. M., Corregidor Lodge No. 386 was unanimously elected Chairman of the Convention, and Bro. Charles S. Banks, S. W., Manila Lodge no. 342 was appointed Secretary. The Committee on Credentials composed of the Masters of the three Lodges unanimously found.

“ 1. That Manila Lodge No. 342 received its Charter from the Grand Lodge of California dated October 10, A. D. 1901, A. L. 5901; duly constituted and opened on November 14, 1901, and has been in continuous operation to the date of the Convention. It was represented by Bros. Charles J. kindler, Master; Guy Clinton, Senior Warden; and Charles S. Banks, Junior Warden who credentials were found to be in due form. Past Masters H. Eugene Stafford, Amos C. Bellis, George N. Hunt and Luther A. Banner were also present.

“ 2. That Cavite Lodge No. 350 received its Charter from the Grand Lodge of California on October 15, A.D. 1903, A.L. 5903; duly constituted and opened in Cavite, P.I. on November 24, 1903 and has been in continuous operation to the date of the Convention. It was represented by Bros. Burton Whitecomb Riley, Master and Emmanuel Valmas, Past Master, W. E. Wichman ( absent ) whose credentials were to be in order.

“ 3. That Corregidor Lodge No. 386 received its Charter from the Grand Lodge of California on October 10, A.D. 1907, A.L 5907; duly constituted and opened in Manila on December 11, 1907 and has been in continuous operation to the date of the Convention. It was represented by Bros. L. C. O’Donnel, Master; J. F. Bromfield, Senior Warden; George R. Harvey, Past Master, whose credentials were found in order. There was also present Bro. Newton C. Comfort, Past Master.” By virtue of a resolution duly approved, all the Past Masters present but not delegates were invited to take part in the deliberations of the Convention. The following preamble was unanimously approved:

“ Whereas, the representatives of the several Lodges of Free and Accepted Masons working in the Philippine Islands assembled in the City of Manila on the eleventh day of December, A.L. 5912, have assurance that there are in successful operation in the Philippine Islands the requisite of duly chartered and constituted Lodges to authorize the formation of a Grand Lodge for the Philippine Islands in accordance with precedence already established and recognized as a Masonic right, and especially in accordance with Decision No. 367 of the Grand Lodge of California the alma mater of the Lodges here represented.

“ And whereas, it has been made to appear that the delegates from said Lodges are now present, clothed with sufficient authority to organize and constitute such as a Grand Lodge – it is therefore

 

“ Resolved, that the representatives of the several duly chartered and constituted Lodges now in operation in the Philippine Islands and present at this assemblage, proceed to the organization of a Convention for the formation of a Grand Lodge for the Philippine Islands; and be it further

“ Resolved, that the representatives here present constitute themselves a Committee of the whole for the purpose of drafting a Constitution for the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands.”

( Note: Decision No. 367 of the Grand Lodge of California refers to the universally recognized laws of Masonry in the United States that whenever there are three chartered Lodges in any State or Territory in which no Grand Lodge has been established, these Lodges have the absolute right to meet in convention and organize a Grand Lodge for such State or Territory; and that no other Grand Lodge or Grand Body can establish new Lodges within the territorial jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge so organized, or can maintain jurisdiction over a Lodge therein to which it may have granted a charter. From the moment of the organization of the new Grand Lodge its jurisdiction becomes absolute over the entire territory and all Lodges and all Masons there must acknowledge it and yield obedience to it, and their allegiance with the Mother Lodges ceases – Proceedings of Grand Lodge of California, Vol. VII, Page 112 ).

The Convention then adjourned until 8:00 P.M., Wednesday, Dec. 18, 1912. The Convention assembled at 8:00 P.M., December 18, 1912 at the Masonic Temple, Manila, P.I., with Bro. George R. Harvey, P.M., presiding. Bros. Charles J. Kindler, Guy Clinton and Charles S. Banks, representatives of Manila Lodge No. 342; Bros. Burton Whitecomb, Emmanuel Valmas and W. E. Wichman, Representatives of Cavite Lodge No. 350; and Bros. L. C. O’Donnel, J. F. Bromfield and George R. Harvey, representatives of Corregidor Lodge No. 386 were present. The following Past Masters were also present: H. Eugene Stafford, Milton E. Springer, Amos B. Bellis, Newton C. Comfort, George N. Hurd and Luther A. Renner.

The Convention resolved itself into a Committee of the whole for the purpose of continuing its labor in drafting a Constitution. The Committee on Constitution reported that they had concluded their labor, and presented a completed Constitution for the consideration of the Convention. The Constitution as drafted by the Committee was, except for changes made to adopt it to local conditions, the same as the Constitution of the Grand Lodge of California. After discussion and adoption by Sections, the Constitution was unanimously adopted. The original Constitution is found in the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands, 1912, pp. 10-69.

The Constitution as adopted contained this provisional article:

“ Whereas, the Delegates present are clothed with power to adopt a Constitution and to organize a Grand Lodge – Therefore

“ Upon the adoption of this Constitution, an election shall be held for officers of the Grand Lodge, who shall hold their respective offices until the Annual Communication to be held in February, A.L., five thousand, nine hundred and thirteen.”

In compliance with this provisional article, on motion it was “ RESOLVED, that a Lodge of Master Masons be opened for the purpose of organizing and opening in Masonic form, the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the Philippine Islands.

The following brethren were appointed to fill the stations and places:

Bro. George R. Harvey – Worshipful Master

Bro. Charles J. Kindler – Senior Warden

Bro. Burton Whitecomb – Junior Warden

Bro. Charles S. Banks – Secretary

Bro. Louis C. O’Donnel – Senior Deacon

Bro. Emmanuel Valmas – Junior Deacon

Bro. William E. Wichman – Tyler

and the Lodge was opened in Ancient Masonic form. On motion, it was unanimously RESOLVED, that an election for Grand Lodge Officers be held forthwith. The Worshipful Master announced the result of the election as follows:

Bro. H. Eugene Stafford – MW Grand Master

Bro. George H. Harvey – RW Deputy Grand Master

Bro. Burton Whitecomb – RW Senior Grand Warden

Bro. Charles J. Kindler – RW Junior Grand Warden

Bro. Joseph F. Bromfield – VW Grand Treasurer

Bro. Amos G. Bellis – VW Grand Secretary

Bro. Newton C. Comfort – VW Grand Lecturer

On motion it was RESOLVED, that the Lodge proceed to the installation of the officers-elect. Bro. Luther A. Renner P.M. of Manila Lodge No. 342 acted as Installing Officer. The Grand Master-elect, after his installation by Bro. Renner, announced the appointment of the following brethren to fill the various other offices:

Bro. Guy Clinton – VW Grand Chaplain

Bro. Charles C. Cohn – Grand Orator

Bro. William F. Wichman – Grand Marshal

Bro. Luther A. Renner – Sr Grand Deacon

Bro. Louis C. O’Donnel – Jr Grand Deacon

Bro. Emmanuel Valmas – Grand Tyler

The MW Grand Master directed Bro. Renner to proceed to the installation of the other officers elected and appointed with the exception of the Grand Orator who was absent. The Deputy Grand Master installed Bro. Renner as Senior Grand Deacon. The Lodge of Master Masons was then closed in ancient Masonic form. The Convention having completed the business for which it had been assembled, was adjourned sine die, at 12:45 AM December 19, A.L. 5912.

The first Communication of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of the Philippine Islands was held in the Masonic Temple at 1:00 AM Thursday. The Most Worshipful Grand Master being obliged to retire on account of illness, the Lodge was opened in due form. The officers present were:

RW George R. Harvey – Deputy Grand Master

RW Burton Whitecomb – Senior Grand Warden

RW Charles J. Kindler – Junior Grand Warden

RW Joseph F. Bromfield – Grand Treasurer

RW Amos G. Bellis – Grand Secretary

RW Newton C. Comfort – Grand Lecturer

VW Guy Clinton – Grand Chaplain

W William E. Wichman – Grand Marshal

W Luther A. Renner – Sr Grand Deacon

W Louis O’Donnel – Jr Grand Deacon

W Charles S. Banks – Grand Pursuivant

W Emmanuel Valmas – Grand Tyler

On separate motions of the Masters of Manila Lodge No. 342, Cavite Lodge No. 350 and Corregidor Lodge No. 386 the following Order was endorsed on the backs of their respective Charters:

“ This Charter having been submitted to the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands – It is hereby ORDERED, that the Lodge be recognized as a legally constituted Lodge under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge aforesaid, by the name if ————– Lodge; and that this order be signed by the Most Worshipful Grand Master, Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master and Grand Wardens and countersigned by the Very Worshipful Grand Secretary.”

It is to be noted that by an oversight the Lodges were not numbered although it was assumed that Manila Lodge would be No. 1, Cavite Lodge No.2 and Corregidor Lodge No. 3. This oversight was later corrected. (Proceedings, First Annual Communication, 1913, p. 6 ).

On motion it was resolved that a charge of Fifty Pesos ( P 50.00 ) be made for the endorsement on each of the Charters of Manila, Cavite and Corregidor Lodge. It was also resolved to request the MW Grand Master to send a cable to the MW Grand Master of Masons of California notifying him of the formation of the Grand Lodge of the Philippines.

The Filipino Lodges felt that the American Lodges had not acted with true Masonic spirit in not inviting to the Convention Lodges working under the Grand Oriente Español. The reason such an invitation was not extended was because most members of Lodges holding Charters from California agreed that it would be considered irregular by many of the Grand Lodges of the United States, which would neither take the time nor show interest enough to investigate the reasons for such action. They would simply have refused to grant recognition to the new Grand Lodge for allowing irregular Lodges to participate in its deliberations.

Therefore, the greatest care had to be taken in all conversations preliminary to a fusion. Like Latin-Americans and all other peoples influenced by Spanish culture, the Filipino is sensitive, and his feelings are easily hurt.

This situation was well understood by Americans who had made a careful study of the problem, and who had more or less personal contacts with influential members of the Regional Grand Lodge who were devoted to the cause of Masonry. Such Americans fully sympathized with the Filipinos’ feelings and attitude. They well knew that the history of the Filipino Mason was one of which any body of Masons would be proud. While Lodges in many countries had only matters of detail to annoy them, many members of the Philippine Lodges had suffered, bled and even died to uphold the principles of the Fraternity. Most Worshipful Bro. Newton C. Comfort, P.G.M. expressed the feelings of All-American Masons in the following words taken from our Proceedings of 1917:

“ We who have not had to suffer for our Masonry are not fully cognizant of its sweetness as those whose Masonic history includes the sacrifice of the lives of brethren, the suppression of their Lodges, the prohibition of the use of the name, the struggle for Light in the darkness, and the most selection of members, lest one enter who could not be implicitly trusted and who would deliver the Mason to be executed – these are the fires of purification which has sanctified the Fraternity here and resulted in the formation of a Masonry sublime, glorified.

“ As time passed it seemed more and more imperative that if we were to accomplish the greatest good of which we were capable, Masonry in these far flung Isles must present a solid front before the world. To use an over-worked expression, it really seemed as if the psychological moment had arrived for bringing all the Lodges working under the various jurisdictions into our Grand Lodge. For well we knew the sincerity and love for the Fraternity which had been shown by the brethren in the Lodges working under foreign Grand Bodies. Some, yea, many of whom had suffered, bled and even died solely and simply because they were members of our Fraternity.”

From the very organization of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands, tentative advances were made form time to time to the Lodges of the Regional Grand Lodge in an endeavor to find a common ground in which a union might be brought about. In 1916 it was clearly realized that unless such as fusion took place in the immediate future the two groups would drift farther apart and a union eventually become impossible. This naturally would result in the utmost discord and confusion and defeat the very purposes, which are inherent in the establishment of Masonic Lodges in any community. There was as great a diversity of opinion as to the desirability of this union among the members of the various Lodges which composed the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands as there was among the various members of the Lodges which composed the Regional Grand Lodge. In fact, steps had gone so far in that body that they had obtained the consent from the Gran Oriente Español to form their own independent Grand Lodge in the Philippines. At the persistent urging of M.W. Brother Comfort the Grand Secretary, M.W. Brother Taylor, the Grand Master took the first tentative steps toward union of the two Bodies. A Committee of three was appointed composed of Most Worshipful Brother Harry Eugene Stafford, the first Master; Most Worshipful Brother Newton C. Comfort, the Second Grand Master and Most Worshipful Brother William H. Taylor, the present Grand Master, to see what could be done to bring about the fusion. This Committee met with a similar Committee appointed by the Grand Master of the Regional Grand Lodge upon the request of Brother Taylor. Their Committee was composed of Worshipful Brothers Manuel L. Quezon, Teodoro M. Kalaw and Tomas Earnshaw, and a tentative plan for the fusion was drawn up. This plan the Committee of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands reported back to an informal meeting of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands.

Be it noted that all these steps which had taken place up to this time had to be in the nature of an informal gathering, so that should the fusion not take place there could be no opportunity on the part of its enemies to cast any aspersions on the actions of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands, which even at that time was dependent for its very existence upon the granting of its request for recognition by the various Grand Bodies throughout the Masonic world.

The efforts of our Grand Lodge were not made any easier by a protest which had been sent out during the year 1915 by the Regional Grand Lodge relative to the organization of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands. When the tentative plan was reported back to an informal gathering of all the members of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands, those who were the greatest doubters as to its advisability when they got their first glimmer that the fusion might take place, they immediately got cold feet and wanted to pull out of the whole proposition.

Most Worshipful Brother Quezon, who was very keen that this fusion should be brought about and a most active worker toward this end, among the various members of the Regional Grand Lodge, was having at the same time the same sort of trials and tribulations in bringing the doubters in his bodies in line; matters progressed by hitches and jerks up until the opening day of the Annual Communication of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands which took place on Tuesday, February 13, 1917. Various members of the Regional Grand Lodge, even up to the last minute, propound various queries and stated many reasons to their Committee why the fusion should not take place, which due to the nature of the fusion and their past experience, was not to be wondered at.

On this historical day, there was held on the roof of the Hotel de France, a luncheon attended by the members of the Regional Grand Lodge, who had been brought together through the efforts of their Committee, who were working for the fusion; the members of the Committee form the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands, together with Brother Charles C. Cohn, were invited to attend the luncheon and present their idea of what steps should be taken in order to bring about this desired fusion. It was pointed out by Brother Taylor and Brother Cohn that the only reason certain requests as to the signing of the documents were made, that there could, in the future, be no question as to the regularity of the proceedings in the steps which we were taking because all our work would have been for naught had any steps been taken which would have given ground to any Grand Lodge to rescind the recognition which they had already granted or for those who had not yet granted recognition to withhold the same. For then a state of chaos, so far as the regularity of the standing for the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands would have been created, which would have made all the work which has been accomplished up to this time worse than useless.

Thanks to the heroic efforts of Most Worshipful Brother Quezon, the steps that we disliked to insist upon but which we deemed most necessary, were taken. Application for dispensation of the various Lodges composing the Regional Grand Lodge were duly received by the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands in regular session assembled, referred to the Committee on Charters, and on the recommendation of this Committee, Charters were ordered granted to the respective Lodges so applying for dispensation. On the next day, Wednesday, February 14, 1917, the Grand Lodge met and the following twenty-seven Lodges, formerly composing the Regional Grand Lodge, were constituted and their officers installed:

Nilad No. 12; Walana No. 13; Dalisay No. 14; Pilar No. 15; Sinukuan No. 16; Bagong Buhay No. 17; Araw No. 18; Silanganan No. 19; Rizal Lopez No. 20; Dapitan No. 21; Rizal Manila No. 22 Solidaridad No. 23; Banahaw No. 24; Malinao No. 25; Pinagsabitan No. 26; Bagumbayan No. 27; Balintawak No. 28; Zapote No. 29; Mactan No. 30; Magdalo No. 31; Martires No. 32; Isarog No. 33; Lincoln No. 34; Batangas No. 35; La Regeneracion No. 36; Kalilayan No. 37; Bulusan No. 38.

While the question as to whether the fusion should take place was being debated on the floor of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands, it was clearly realized by the members composing that Grand Lodge that immediately upon the reception of the Regional Grand Lodge, insomuch as they greatly outnumbered the Lodges then composing the Grand Lodge, that the control would ipso facto pass into the hands of the new members of the Lodge. Some of those who had doubtless the best interest of the Grand Lodge at heart, but were not so farsighted as the majority of their brethren, suggested that the election of the Grand Officers for the ensuing year be held before the admission of the new members, thus prolonging for one year the control in the hands of those whom they thought would have the best interest of the Grand Lodge at heart. In their shortsightedness they failed to see that had their opinion prevailed, the confidence which the fusion was supposed to create would at its inception have been destroyed, and the purpose of the fusion nullified. For no body of men could maintain their self respect if they had submitted tamely to any such question of their fealty to the principles of the organization for which they and their forebears had suffered so much to perpetuate in the Philippines. We consider that the fusion which was brought about and consummated by those farseeing Masons of both Grand Lodges, was the most momentous and important Masonic event which has taken place in the history of Masonry since the fusion of two Grand Lodges in England in 1813.

Brother Taylor who was Grand Master of our Grand Lodge at the time these events took place has been asked over the years what were the mechanics employed in taking in the Filipino Lodges to form our present Grand Lodges? In Brother Taylor’s words, I hereby quote:

“ The steps which we, as constituent Masons of the Grand Lodge, considered as absolutely essential were just those which seemed to our Filipino Brethren most unnecessary, in that they considered themselves, and justifiably so, as good Masons as any in the world. The conditions laid down were, that for each Lodge to be admitted the Master and Wardens of that Lodge were to kneel at the Altar and take the obligations of the three degrees of Masonry. I conferred those obligations, and I have never felt a more serious and inspired feeling in a Masonic Lodge than I did in looking into those serious upturned faces, knowing they were making a sacrifice of their own personal feelings and prejudices for what they considered the good of Masonry in the Philippines.

“ All other business of the Grand Lodge having been transacted previous to the acceptance of the new Lodges, the next and final order of business was the election of the Grand Officers for the ensuing Masonic year. It was my duty to explain just what the mechanics of the operation were, who were entitled to vote, and gave a demonstration as an illustration of just how the voting was done.

“Outside of the Filipino leaders, none of the rank and file of the Filipino Masons had realized that with the fusion the control of the Grand Lodge would pass into their hands. In short, to bring about the fusion no point was stressed to get the Filipino to agree to the fusion, but that it was for the good of Freemasonry in the Philippines. When during the example of how the voting would be conducted, and it gradually dawned on them that the control was in their hands, such an expression of amazement, wonderment and incredibility passed over their faces as I never expect to have the pleasure of seeing again.

“When I saw the modus operandi was thoroughly understood, I ordered the election to proceed. Knowing that they had the control and that Brother Quezon was due the greatest credit for having brought the fusion to a successful conclusion I naturally thought that they would select him for the first Grand Master of the united Grand Lodge, and though this matter had never been touched upon in our many conferences, it was presumed by the American Lodges that such would be the case, and with this selection we were in hearty accord. Imagine my astonishment when the Filipino Lodges began to cast their votes. They were unanimous for me as their Grand Master. I was so astonished I did not know what to do. Most Worshipful Brother George R. Harvey was sitting at my left and I turned to him and said in bewilderment, ‘Judge, what shall I do?’ And I remember how he smiled that characteristic smile of his and replied ‘What can you do?’ Worshipful Brother Quezon was elected Deputy Grand Master. After the meeting was adjourned, I hastened to Brother Quezon to assure him of my entire innocence and ignorance of what had taken place and why. He laughed his hearty laugh and said: ‘It’s just what those Filipinos wanted and I am so happy that they did.’ He continued – ‘Since you Americans have acted so magnanimously in giving the control into our hands you and I will make a gentleman’s agreement, so long as you and I have any influence in Philippine Masonry there shall be a rotation in the office of Grand Master. You are Grand Master this year, I am to be the next, and thereafter each American holder of the office will be followed by a Filipino Grand Master.”

Long after the influence of both Brother Taylor and Brother Quezon had ceased in matters concerning the Grand Lodge, that gentleman’s agreement held. It was not until 1974 that the last American Grand Master was elected.

From this acorn planted by the Grand Lodge of California and watered by Manila Lodge No. 1 over the years, has grown the mighty oak of the Grand Lodge of the Philippines.

BACK TO TOP

Share